In analyzing First Nations' rights in the Maritimes, the author Thomas Isaac first reviews Canadian jurisprudence dealing with Aboriginal and treaty rights, rules for the interpretation of treaties, and the effect of constitutional provisions on such rights. He then looks at specific cases dealing with the Maritimes including cases addressing the existence, or not, of Aboriginal title; whether the Royal Proclamation applies in the Maritimes; gathering rights of Aboriginal peoples; their rights in reserve lands; and, most importantly, the effect to be given to the treaties of peace and friendship entered into between the area's First Nations and the Crown. Of particular importance to this analysis is the Marshall decision in which, the author argues, the Supreme Court of Canada went beyond any of its previous decisions not only by liberally interpreting the treaty but adding rights not specifically mentioned in the treaty. The analytical approach used by the Court in Marshall, and the author's commentary, will interest all those dealing with resource extraction, including forestry, mining, oil and gas. While this book focuses on the Maritime provinces, the principles discussed are equally applicable in all areas of Canada where formal treaties dealing with land and harvesting rights have not been signed. The author takes a multi-disciplinary approach to the subject so as to appeal to First Nations, social scientists, lawyers, researchers, and those seeking to understand Aboriginal issues in Canada today.