Aboriginal Policy Research: A History of Treaties and Policies, volume 7 is a collection of 10 papers about Aboriginal Peoples presented at the Aboriginal Research Policy Conference held in Ottawa in 2009. Co-chaired by Dan Beavon of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, Jerry White of the University of Western Ontario, and Peter Dinsdale of the National Association of Friendship Centres, this Aboriginal Research Policy Conference, like those before it, brought researchers, policy-makers, and the Aboriginal community together to make connections, hear about leading research, and learn together. This volume is edited by Jerry P. White, Erik Anderson, Jean-Pierre Morin, and Dan Beavon examines historic treaties and modern meaning, and concludes with an examination of how history has influenced policy in Canada today. Six essays in section one address Historic Treaties and Modern Meanings. Of particular interest are Jim R. Miller's overview in Aboriginal-Crown Treaty-Making in Canada: A Many Splendoured Thing; Concepts of Extinguishment in the Upper Canada Land Surrender Treaties, 1764 to 1862 by Jean-Pierre Morin; Shading a Promise: and Interpreting the Livelihood Rights Clauses in Nineteenth-Century Canadian Treaties with First Nations by historian Arthur J. Ray. In section 2 Andre Le Dressay, Normand Lavallee, and Jason Reeves present their essay First Nations Trade, Specialization and Market Institutions: A Historical Survey of First Nation Market Culture that examines historical trade and recent innovations; Jim Miller offers Reconciliation with Residential School Survivors: A Progress Report; and David T. McNab's essay, Are We Really Sorry? Some Reflections on Canadian Indigenous Policies in the Early Twenty-First Century, provides a succinct overview of current developments such as Ipperwash, Caledonia, and the Kelowna Accord.