As Long As This Land Shall Last: A History of Treaty 8 and Treaty 11, 1870-1939 is an historically accurate study that takes no sides. This book is the first complete document of Treaties 8 and 11 between the Canadian government and First Nations at the turn of the nineteenth century. On the basis of those treaties, contested in the Mackenzie Pipeline debate, white fur-traders, trappers, and corporations gave themselves privileges of ownership with no regard to the Aboriginal land rights and to the promise made to the Nations that they could live and hunt there "as long as the sun rises, as long as the river flows, as long as this land shall last." Historian René Fumoleau, a retired priest, has delved into church and government sources to afford a clear picture of the negotiations for the treaties beginning in 1870 and their aftermath up to 1939. With an Epilogue by Joan Barnaby, the documents discussed in the book speak for themselves, implying a host of questions with both historical relevance and enduring significance.