Wisdom of the Elders: Native and Scientific Ways of Knowing About Nature was first published in 1992. This new edition contains a revised introduction along with the collection of quotes purportedly from Indigenous Peoples from cultures around the world. The authors draw from ecology and biology for essential themes drawn from modern science and combine these with Native perspectives about the natural world and the relationships of humans with nature. Both authors believe the Native perspective is just as valid as the one based on western science. They take great pains in the author's note to explain the difficulty authenticating the validity of the Native source materials. Many of the quotes are taken from scholarly anthropological works and the authors caution readers that these sources may not have expressed Indigenous beliefs correctly. They examine the speech by Chief Seattle as a classic example of how Native views can be misrepresented to suit contemporary ecological views. The book is organized into themes such as the kinship of all, nature as a living system, ways of seeing nature, kinship of humans and animals, relationship between humans and vegetation, relationship between humans and land, time as a circle, world renewal, and the fate of the earth. Throughout each theme the voices of traditional elders are quoted. The nations represented are Hopi, Maya, Iroquois Confederacy, Lil'wat, Tewa, Chewong, Dakota, Desana, Wintu, Navajo, Kayapo, Inuit, Mnong Gar, Gitksan and Wetsuweten, Dunne-za, Murngin, Dayak, Koyukon, Cree, and San Bushmen. The book contains an index and an excerpt from the Draft United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.