Surviving as Indians: The Challenge of Self-Government examines the injustice of Canadian Indian policy as the basis for a framework for analysis of First Nations leadership, culture and economy. Boldt identifies five imperatives: moral justice for First Nations; Canadian policies that treat Indian rights, interests, aspirations and needs as equal to those of Canadians; First Nations leadership that is committed to eliminating the colonial political and bureaucratic structures on reserves and returning government to the people; revitalizing First Nations cultures, languages, and social systems that are adapted and developed within the framework of traditional philosophies and principles; and economic self-sufficiency and independence achieved through employment in the mainstream economy. This provocative and complex text is enchanced by the inclusion of 19 appendices including the Royal Proclamation, Bill C-31, and summary from the Royal Commission on Aboriginal peoples. Menno Boldt is a professor in the Department of Sociology, University of Lethbridge. Suggested resource for Grade 10 Aboriginal Peoples in Canada course, Ontario Ministry of Education Course Profile.