oral history through his experiential learning and privileged listening to many Elders in their sharing of Treaty oral histories. This book adds to the growing work on the numbered Treaties through engaging with official records, recorded eye-witness accounts original manuscripts and recorded oral accounts. The interpretation of these sources sheds light on the Treaty Commissioners’ soft approach to the surrender clause, a common negotiating strategy on the part of the Crown. By focussing on the benefits for First Nations and downplaying their primary goal, which was to secure land surrenders, their negotiations were duplicitous with little acknowledgement of the depth of the plough. Krasowski’s interpretation of these sources through evidence and analysis casts doubt on the validity of the surrender clause. This also suggests that the First Nation and Crown negotiators understood the nature of the Treaty Relationship but which the federal government undermined in the Consolidated Indian Act of 1876. This is a highly engaging book with substantial research supporting this interpretation of Treaty Relationship. Each chapter introduces and discusses the numbered treaties and concludes with an appreciation of a coherent analysis of all the Treaties and an everlasting grasp of Her [the Queen’s] Hand. The notes, selected bibliography and index provide further details for consultation.